X Games history

Updated: July 30, 2011, 5:40 PM ET
ESPN.com

1995: The inaugural Extreme Games were held in June in Rhode Island. Mat Hoffman won gold in BMX Freestyle Vert and Jay Miron won gold in Dirt Jumping. This mass exposure was the beginning of an explosion for the BMX industry. Tony Hawk won the first X Games Skateboard Vert contest with a solid run that included 540s and 720s. Chris Senn took home the first Skateboard Park gold with Tony Hawk placing second.
1996: A handful of BMX Freestyle riders, skateboarders and in-line skaters made their debut in the closing ceremony of the 1996 Summer Olympics. Andy Macdonald wins Skateboard Vert. It was the first time he defeated Tony Hawk in competition.
1997: Extreme Games is now called X Games and moves to the west coast for the first time -- hosted by San Diego, Calif. In the BMX Freestyle Park competition, Dennis McCoy pulled a backflip no footed can-can; the first in competition taking the silver medal. Tony Hawk packed his winning run with three McTwists back-to-back and tried to finish with a 900, but failed to land it.
1998: Ryan Nyquist pulls a backflip busdriver and backflip variations become the hottest trick trend with Nyquist as the commander-in-chief. The Skateboard Vert Doubles team of Tony Hawk and Andy Macdonald dominates the field to win gold.
1999: The X Games stays on the west coast, but moves north to its new home in San Francisco. The dirt scene was turning more technical and riders like T.J. Lavin, Corey Nastazio and Ryan Nyquist were starting to own the top spots at contests. Tony Hawk landed the first ever 900 in Skateboard Best Trick. After 10 failed attempts, Hawk successfully executed the trick on his 11th try. Hawk had been attempting this trick for 10 years. Moto X made its debut in 1999.
2000: Rooftop (Mike Escamilla) backflips on his BMX over a helicopter for MTV, Colin Winkelmann is the Guinness Book of World Records holder for longest BMX bicycle jump (116' over 13 Ford Expeditions), and Dave Mirra double backflips the X Games six-foot tall box jump for his first trick and an X Games first in Park. Bucky Lasek became the first back-to-back gold medalist in X Games Skateboard Vert. Moto X Step Up makes its debut.
2001: X Games Seven heads back to the east coast to Philadelphia, Penn., where the event hits a major milestone -- first-time indoor venue at the First Union Center. T.J. Lavin lands the first "nothing superman" in X Games BMX Freestyle Dirt final. Mat Hoffman builds a 24-foot tall vert quarterpipe and reaches 26.5 feet  breaking the existing record of 23 feet set in 1994. Skateboard Vert went indoors for the first time in X Games history. Travis Pastrana won his third straight X Games gold medal in Moto X Freestyle and remained undefeated in Freestyle contests. Moto X Best Trick makes its debut at the Winter X Games in Aspen, Colo. and X Games in Philadelphia.
2002: At the 2002 X Games in Philadelphia, there are a lot of firsts. Mat Hoffman pulls a no-handed 900 in the vert competition, Chad Kagy flipwhips in the BMX Park final and Jay Miron pulls a 360 double tailwhip in Park. Consistency won the gold for Pierre-Luc Gagnon, who was the only skater to put together solid runs all three times in Skateboard Vert. Bob Burnquist won the Skateboard Vert Best Trick competition while incorporating the grind bar on top of the Vert ramp for his fakie 5-0, fakie kickflip out off the grind bar. Mike Metzger made X Games and Moto X history with his back-to-back backflips.
2003: X Games makes its third move to California and lands in Los Angeles with a city contract lasting through 2009. Dave Mirra pulls a one-footed X-up opposite flair and Jamie Bestwick pulls a flair whip in vert -- both X Games firsts. New school BMX park riders like Morgan Wade and Ryan Guettler start to become contenders in Park bringing fast-paced energy back to the sport with huge tricks and super high airs. In Skateboard Vert, Sandro Dias landed a Christ air 540, and Shaun White and Jake Brown both pulled out the 720 (after the buzzer for both). It was Bucky Lasek who took home the gold, however, with his frontside Cab heelflip. Becoming the youngest ever X Games gold medalist, Ryan Sheckler (13) landed everything and won Skateboard Park. In one year in Moto X, the backflip went from the biggest trick ever to old news because Travis Pastrana and Brian Deegan both land off-axis 360s at X Games Nine at the L.A. Memorial Coliseum.
2004: Kevin Robinson attempts the double flair in BMX Vert at X Games 10 and cannot rotate fast enough to complete both loops. The only athlete in X Games skateboard history to repeat gold (1999 & 2000), Bucky Lasek pulled it off for a second time. In Moto X Best Trick, Chuck Carothers successfully landed his body varial to win gold. SuperMoto and Skateboard Big Air make their X Games debut.
2005: Corey Bohan pulls off the first back-to-back BMX Dirt win in X Games history. Sandro Dias landed the first 900 within an X Games Vert Skateboard competition and Paul Rodriguez won back-to-back gold for Skateboard Street -- the first skater to repeat Street gold. For Skateboard Big Air, Danny Way won back-to-back gold, Pierre-Luc Gagnon was one step below, and Andy Macdonald earned his second bronze medal in Big Air. In Skateboard Vert, Shaun White attempted the 1080 trick 27 times during official time, never landing it.
2006: X Games 12 proved to be a huge year for BMX. Corey Bohan three-peats gold in BMX Dirt. Chad Kagy pulls an upset win over Jamie Bestwick in BMX Vert with his first double tailwhip flair, Kevin Robinson finally pulls off the infamous double flair and Keith McIlhenny pulls a frontflip flair -- all X Games firsts. Robinson wins the first BMX Big Air event. Huge year also in Moto X for Travis Pastrana. In Best Trick, Pastrana threw the first ever double backflip in competition, and in Freestyle, he didn't even need a second run as he claimed gold with his first run. It was his third gold of the 2006 X Games and making him just the third person in X Games history to score three gold medals at one X Games. Rally Car Racing makes its debut, and Travis Pastrana captures the first gold with his co-driver Christian Edstrom. BMX Big Air makes its debut.
2007: Dave Mirra gets bronze in BMX Freestyle Park and collects his 21st X Games medal. The BMX Freestyle Street podiums at X Games Mexico and X Games Dubai are identical: Garrett Reynolds, Aaron Ross, and Van Homan. 2006 Olympic snowboard halfpipe gold medalist Shaun White made history as not only the first X Games athlete to compete in both summer and winter events for X Games, but win gold in Skateboard Vert. Moto X Best Trick unveiled a new winner and a new trick -- "The Volt." Kyle Loza became the first X Games rookie to take Moto X Best Trick gold with his body varial. Racing icon, Ricky Carmichael (know as Greatest of all Time) hangs up his hat in Supercross and not only makes his first X Games appearance, but takes home gold in the debut of Moto X Racing.
2008: Kevin Robinson set the quarterpipe high air record in June on a replica of the X Games Big Air quarterpipe at 27 feet and hosts the first-ever "Super Quarterpipe" contest. BMX Freestyle Street, Moto X Speed & Style, Women's Moto X Racing and BMX Freestyle/Skateboard SuperPark are added to X Games 14 for the first time. After 14 years of competing in the X Games, skateboarder Rune Glifberg won his first X Games gold in the first-time SuperPark competition giving him a total of nine X Games medals. Kyle Loza defended his gold medal in Moto X Best Trick from 2007 by successfully landing another new trick, the "Electric Death." The new trick was a variation of a backflip that included performing a body-varial mid-flip. Daniel Dhers continued his 2007 domination in the BMX Freestyle SuperPark competition winning his second consecutive gold medal with flawless runs. Bob Burnquist and Danny Way battled it out for the Skateboard Big Air gold medal. In the end, it was Burnquist who dropped in for a switch backside ollie over the 70-foot gap, to indy 360 on the quarterpipe earning him gold while Way kept the crowd on the edge of their seats as he came back from two crashes on the quarterpipe, eventually sticking a backflip over the gap to a frontside 540 on the quarterpipe to take second place.
2009: In a big year for international athletes, Ivan Lazzarini sped his way to a gold medal and a place in the history books. With his win in Moto X SuperMoto, Lazzarini became the first European to win a gold medal in any X Games Moto X competition. Blake "Bilko" Williams became the first international and the first Australian Moto X Freestyle gold medalist by edging out longtime Freestyle competitor Jeremy Stenberg with an array of 360-variations. Hailing from Great Britain, Jamie Bestwick continued his dominance of the BMX Freestyle Vert competition, scoring a 49 of 50 points in his two final runs and beating out the rest of the field by 10 points. However, the American athletes were not to be overlooked. Anthony Napolitan became the first rider ever to land a double frontflip on a BMX bike in his third run of the BMX Freestyle Big Air competition. In the debut of Skateboard Big Air Rail Jam, Big Air pioneer Danny Way fittingly won gold, his fifth X Games gold medal. Paul Rodriguez returned to the podium in Skateboard Street, becoming the first male skater to earn three gold medals in Skateboard Street. For the third straight year, Kyle Loza took home the Moto X Best Trick gold with an Electric Doom to Kiss of Death variation, making him the only rider with three gold medals in the discipline. Ashley Fiolek also raced her way into the history books, becoming the first deaf athlete to win any medal at X Games when she earned the top spot in Moto X Super X Women's in her debut at X Games.
2010: In a big year for repeat wins, Jamie Bestwick dominated the vert ramp once again in his 13th X Games appearance winning gold and taking home the first four-peat for BMX Freestyle Vert. Garrett Reynolds made his mark in BMX Freestyle Street, winning his third consecutive gold since 2008 and remaining the only gold medalist since the discipline's inception. In Skateboard Vert, Canada's Pierre-Luc Gagnon became the first vert skateboarder to take gold three years in row, adding his 14th medal in his 11th X Games appearance. Another repeat victory, Jake Brown backflipped the Big Air gap and boosted 22.7 feet on a 540 to take home his second straight Skateboard Big Air gold. Continuing his dominance of the Moto X Best Whip competition, Todd Potter earned his third consecutive gold and remained the only athlete to win that event. At only 15 years of age, X Games rookie Pedro Barros won Skateboard Park gold in a heated final that pitted the veterans (Andy Macdonald and Bucky Lasek) against the young guns (Barros, Curren Caples and Kevin Kowalski). It was Barros' first X medal competing against the pros, though he finished fourth in Big Air. In its debut, the Game of SK8 gold went to Tommy Sandoval who edged out Nick Trepasso, Sierra Fellers and Tony Tave with his technical dominance. Another X Games rookie, Cameron Sinclair came into the event after a serious injury in 2009 and won Moto Best Trick with a double backflip. The trick had won Best Trick gold before: Travis Pastrana landed it for the first time in X Games history in 2006. Sinclair remains only the third person in history to have landed it. Despite having clinched gold with his first two runs, Travis Pastrana came out for the final run of the event and laid one down for the fans: an exuberant run that included the first double backflip landed in X Games Freestyle at X Games. Pastrana also took home gold in the return of Moto X Speed & Style, combining his freestyle flair with his racing roots. In the Rally Car competition, Tanner Foust showed his dominance by winning both the Rally Car Racing final and the inaugural Rally Car Super Rally final.