Develin, who finished the 2012 season on the team's active roster, was released earlier this week. A Brown product, he had a stint with the Bengals after spending time in the United Football League.
The Patriots created two roster spots earlier Wednesday by releasing tight end Matthew Mulligan and center Braxton Cave.
Develin adds versatility to play fullback and some tight end, as he did during training camp, as well as on special teams.
The Patriots now have one more open roster spot on their 53-man roster.
Nick Underhill of MassLive.com first reported the news.