ESPN is marking the 40th anniversary of Title IX by unveiling the top 40 female athletes of the past 40 years.
Katarina Witt was only 18 when she began winning over global audiences at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo. It was there that she upset the favorite, Rosalynn Sumners of the U.S., to win figure skating gold.
By the time she arrived at the Calgary Games to defend her title four years later, Witt had gained international renown -- a glamorous skater whose intrigue was magnified by the fact that she hailed from East Germany, a notoriously drab communist country known more for producing speed skaters and bobsled pilots than camel-spinning supermodels.
Witt triumphed again at the Calgary Games, and she remains one of only two women -- along with three-time gold medalist Sonja Henie -- to have won multiple Olympic titles in ladies' figure skating. She also won four world championships and claimed six straight European crowns from 1983 to 1988. She is No. 14 in ESPN's countdown.
Although there was nothing particularly remarkable about the technical content of her programs, Witt's ability to connect with spectators and judges was unmatched.
"She captivated an audience because she was great at playing the crowd," says Philip Hersh, the longtime Olympics columnist for the Chicago Tribune. "She could reach the 143rd row of an arena."
Earlier in this series:
No. 40: Diver Fu Mingxia
No. 39: Jockey Julie Krone
No. 38: Gymnast Mary Lou Retton
No. 37: Hockey player Cammi Granato
No. 36: Soccer player Kristine Lilly
No. 35: Basketball player Diana Taurasi
No 34: Volleyball player Flo Hyman
No. 33: Soccer player Abby Wambach
No. 32: Swimmer Mary T. Meagher
No. 31: Marathoner Joan Benoit
No. 30: Sprinter Gail Devers
No. 29: Basketball player Nancy Lieberman
No. 28: Marathoner Grete Waitz
No. 27: Soccer player Michelle Akers
No. 26: Basketball player Chamique Holdsclaw
No. 25: Swimmer Dara Torres
No. 24: Golfer Nancy Lopez
No. 23: Swimmer Tracy Caulkins
No. 22: Soccer player Marta Vieira da Silva
No. 21: Tennis player Venus Williams
No. 20: Figure skater Michelle Kwan
No. 19: Skier Lindsey Vonn
No. 18: Softball player Lisa Fernandez
No. 17: Basketball player Ann Meyers Drysdale
No. 16: Basketball player Sheryl Swoopes
No. 15: Swimmer Janet Evans