NCF Nation: Fisher DeBerry

Joe Paterno has become a polarizing figure in recent months, but all parties would agree that he defines Penn State football.

Paterno was affiliated with the Nittany Lions program for 62 years of its 125-year existence. He served as Nittany Lions coach for nearly 46 seasons before being fired in November. And his impact is particularly significant in the program's victories total.

[+] EnlargeJoe Paterno
Michael Hickey/US PresswireAccounting for nearly 50 percent of the program's wins, Joe Paterno was the face of Penn State.
Of Penn State's 827 all-time victories in football, Paterno coached the team for 409, the most of any coach in Division I history. Other than former Florida State coach Bobby Bowden, who accounts for an astounding 64 percent of the Seminoles' all-time wins (304 of 475), Paterno's percentage of Penn State's wins (49.4) places him in select company. Only Air Force's Fisher DeBerry (49.1 percent) and BYU's LaVell Edwards (49.2 percent) have accounted for a similar chunk of program wins -- among FBS programs that have been around for more than 30 years -- as Paterno has at Penn State. is taking a closer look at coaches this week, and today's topic examines which programs are defined by one coach. Penn State fits the description because of Paterno's long and successful career. Penn State also is unique because its program has been around so long, and while there was success before JoePa -- eight undefeated seasons between 1894-1947, a Rose Bowl appearance in 1923 -- almost all of the program's significant achievements (two national titles, 24 bowl wins) occurred on Paterno's watch.

What about the other Big Ten teams?

In terms of winningest coaches, here's how they look:

Illinois: Robert Zuppke, 131 of program's 580 wins (22.6 percent)
Indiana: Bill Mallory, 69 of 449 (15.3 percent)
Iowa: Hayden Fry, 143 of 593 (24.1 percent)
Michigan: Bo Schembechler, 194 of 895 (21.7 percent)
Michigan State: Duffy Daugherty, 109 of 638 (17.1 percent)
Minnesota: Henry Williams, 136 of 646 (21.1 percent)
Nebraska: Tom Osborne, 255 of 846 (30.1 percent)
Northwestern: Lynn Waldorf, 49 of 488 (10.04 percent)
Ohio State: Woody Hayes, 205 of 837 (24.5 percent)
Purdue: Joe Tiller, 87 of 586 (14.8 percent)
Wisconsin: Barry Alvarez, 118 of 635 (18.6 percent)

As you can see, no coach comes close to Paterno in terms of percentage of his program's wins. But this ratio is just one gauge of a program-defining coach.

Another important factor is a team's history both before and after a coach took the job. Look at Wisconsin before Alvarez arrived in 1990. The program had endured five consecutive losing seasons and had just six winning seasons since 1963. Wisconsin's previous two coaches, Don Morton and Jim Hilles, had gone a combined 9-36 at the helm.

Alvarez transformed Wisconsin into an upper-tier Big Ten program, leading the Badgers to three Big Ten titles and three Rose Bowl championships. His hand-picked successor, Bret Bielema, has carried on Wisconsin's momentum, but Alvarez fostered the change. He is Wisconsin football, period.

Two iconic coaches regarded by many the faces of their respective programs are Ohio State's Hayes and Michigan's Schembechler. They tied for the most Big Ten championships with 13. Hayes won the most Big Ten games (152 to Schembechler's 143), while Schembechler owns the record for best winning percentage in conference games (.850).

But both men led programs that had success under other coaches. Michigan was a national superpower under the likes of Fielding Yost (.888 career win percentage), Harry Kipke, Fritz Crisler and Bennie Oosterbaan, while Schembechler never won a consensus national title. The Wolverines boast six coaches who have served 10 or more years, most recently Lloyd Carr (1995-2007).

Ohio State carved a place among the nation's elite under shorter-tenured coaches like Francis Schmidt and Paul Brown, while Jim Tressel won a national title and more than 81 percent of his games during his 10 years in Columbus.

Are Michigan and Ohio State defined by Schembechler and Hayes, respectively? Depends on your perspective. My take: both are iconic, but Hayes is more defining.

Iowa's Fry fills a similar role to Alvarez. He took over a program on the downturn for several decades and put it in the Big Ten's top half. Fry is the coach people think of when Iowa comes to mind, although his successor, Kirk Ferentz, has put his own stamp with a solid run since 1999.

Other Big Ten programs seem to fit into different categories.

Programs with two great coaches:

  • Nebraska -- Osborne (255-49-3) and Bob Devaney (101-20-2)
  • Purdue -- Tiller (87-62) and Jack Mollenkopf (84-39-9)
Programs that had its most successful coaches many years ago

  • Illinois -- Zuppke (131-81-13 from 1913-41); Arthur Hall (27-10-3 from 1907-12)
  • Minnesota -- Williams (136-33-11 from 1900-21; Bernie Bierman (93-35-6 from 1932-41 and 1945-50)
  • Michigan State -- Daugherty (109-69-5 from 1954-72); Biggie Munn (54-9-2 from 1947-53); Charles Bachman (70-34-10 from 1933-46); Chester Brewer (58-23-7 from 1903-10, 1917, 1919)
Historically weak programs with a lot of coaching turnover

  • Indiana -- No coach with career winning record since Bo McMillin (1934-47), no coach with 70 or more wins at school
  • Northwestern -- No coach with 50 or more wins at school, only one coach with tenure longer than 10 years

You could argue Zuppke remains Illinois' defining coach, even though he hasn't coached in more than 70 years. Osborne is undoubtedly the face of Nebraska's program, but is he the Huskers' defining coach? Tough to say that after looking at what Devaney did (two national titles, eight Big Eight titles).

Could any current Big Ten coach end up being a program-defining figure? None will occupy his job as long as Paterno did at Penn State. Northwestern's Pat Fitzgerald is just nine wins shy of Waldorf's victories mark, and he turned 37 in December. Fitzgerald's strong ties to the program, plus Northwestern's poor history and absence of coaching greats, create an opportunity should Fitzgerald have success for a long period.

What are your thoughts? Which Big Ten programs are defined by a coach, and which are not? Share them here.

Lunchtime Links

May, 19, 2011
Here are your links for today ...

Former New Mexico assistant J.B. Gerald has re-filed a hostile work environment lawsuit against the university and head coach Mike Locksley.

Boise State adds another recruit for 2012.

Could Conference USA play on Sundays this season?

Howard Karr has made big contributions to Hawaii sports from behind the scenes.

Fisher DeBerry deserves his spot in the College Football Hall of Fame.

Utah and BYU fans will reach TV heaven.

Former Temple running back Tim Brown will try to restart his pro career in the CFL.

Lunchtime Links

May, 18, 2011
Checking in on the non-AQs with your lunchtime links.

Bronco Mendenhall's wife has gotten more comfortable in her role as the first lady of BYU football.

Non-AQ conferences should form their own playoff.

This is a good read on the financial strain bowls put on schools.

Nevada has hired Casey Moore as its running backs coach.

Former Air Force coach Fisher DeBerry was overwhelmed to learn he was selected to the College Football Hall of Fame.

King Congie, expected to be in the field at the Preakness, was named for a Temple super fan who passed away earlier this year.

Former Boise State kicker Kyle Brotzman had a tryout for Arena League football.
At one time, Fisher DeBerry was the heart of Air Force football, a man so dedicated to his players and the academy that nobody could think of one without the other.

That he was able to do as much as he did at a place as unique as Air Force is a testament to him. So it was little surprise to hear that DeBerry had been elected to the College Football Hall of Fame in his first year on the ballot. DeBerry spent 23 seasons at Air Force, going 169-109-1 before retiring following the 2006 season.

His Falcons teams had winning records in 17 of his 23 seasons at Air Force, won the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy 14 times and went to 12 bowl games.

DeBerry also coached the Falcons to three conference championships: a share of the WAC in 1985 and 1995. The Falcons won their first outright title WAC title in 1998 with a win over BYU in the title game in Las Vegas. He was named WAC Coach of the Year for the third time in his career for his efforts. His team went 12-1 that year, the first back-to-back 10-win seasons in school history. The 1998 squad finished the season ranked No. 10.

His final few years at Air Force were a struggle. DeBerry closed his career with three straight losing seasons, and there was speculation that he was forced out because he did not want to make changes to his coaching staff. He also took criticism for two off the field incidents: in 2004, he had to remove a banner from the locker room that said, "I am a Christian first and last ... I am a member of Team Jesus Christ." Then in 2005, he publicly apologized for saying the team didn't have enough "Afro-American" players, citing their running ability.

Once DeBerry retired, Air Force hired Troy Calhoun (who played quarterback for DeBerry) and the Falcons have gone back to winning. They just won the CIC Trophy in 2010 for the first time in eight seasons. But DeBerry laid much of the groundwork for the success of the program.