|ESPN.com: ESPN||[Print without images]|
Regardless, the detailed information provided by Catalano -- let alone what authorities may have found sifting through office records -- spells trouble on multiple levels for Galea. He is not licensed to practice medicine in the United States, though he has gained notoriety in recent years for having treated well-known athletes such as Alex Rodriguez and Tiger Woods. And, along with the latest U.S. charges, Canadian authorities filed several charges against him last December, including selling an unapproved drug [Actovegin], smuggling goods into Canada and conspiracy to export drugs. Catalano, a Canadian citizen, was charged with smuggling goods into the U.S. and later released on $10,000 bond. Charges will be considered for dismissal during a scheduled June 11 appearance in U.S. District Court in Buffalo. "She continues to cooperate both with U.S. authorities and Royal Canadian Mounted Police," Catalano's attorney, Calvin Barry, said. "She does not face any charges in Canada, but she does have charges she has to straighten out down in Buffalo. It will be done in the next couple weeks." In the documents obtained by ESPN, Catalano told authorities she witnessed Galea inject a cocktail mixture containing Nutropin [growth hormone] into the injured knees of "at least seven athletes" while in the U.S. There is no approved test to determine HGH use, but the substance is banned by the major professional sports leagues. Some insight into what Catalano told authorities was provided in support of a warrant filed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to search Galea's office on the day of his arrest. Information on what was retrieved during the search on Oct. 15 remains unavailable, though the warrant indicated investigators were seeking computer files as well as patient, business and financial records. Authorities said Catalano told them that Galea kept separate files on his professional-athlete patients, and in some instances billed them under a separate company called Galea Investments Inc. She also identified where in the Toronto office he stored HGH, which requires refrigeration, and Actovegin. Actovegin, a drug extracted from calf's blood, is illegal in the United States and not approved for use in Canada. Presumably the smuggling charge arose from Catalano having told authorities that Galea had her travel to Germany in 2007 to purchase Actovegin from a pharmacy, with her also telling investigators that other employees and athlete patients had purchased the drug in Germany and brought it back for Galea. Catalano told authorities that in his trips to the States, Galea typically performed two procedures on the athletes, both appearing to be an attempt to speed up healing. The first featured a cocktail mixture containing numerous medicines including Nutropin [human growth hormone], which would be injected into an athlete's injured knee. She described the cocktail as also containing Traumeel, vitamin B-12, Lymphomyosot and Procaine. The other procedure was platelet-rich plasma therapy, whereby Galea would take blood from the athlete and separate the platelets from the red blood cells after putting it in a centrifuge. The platelets then would be injected into the injured area of the athlete. Galea has himself admitted visiting Woods at his home outside Orlando four or five times last year, most recently last August, to administer PRP therapy to his left knee. Woods has confirmed being treated by Galea, while strongly denying any use of illegal or banned drugs. According to documents, authorities got onto the trail of the Canadian doctor after Catalano, 32, was pulled over at the border crossing last year and a bevy of medical supplies was found in her 2009 Nissan Rogue, which was leased to Galea Investments. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents found 20 vials and 76 ampoules of unknown misbranded drugs -- including Actovegin, growth hormone and foreign-labeled homeopathic drugs -- 111 syringes, a diagnostic ultrasound computer and medical centrifuge. Initially, Catalano told investigators the medical supplies were being brought into the U.S. for use by Galea at a conference he was attending in Washington. She soon recanted her statement, according to the documents obtained by ESPN, telling investigators the drugs were instead to be used by Galea during a scheduled appointment with an athlete in Washington later that day -- two people privy to the investigation identified the player as a member of the Redskins, The New York Times reported Tuesday. Catalano used work calendars and a spreadsheet she created to help retrace Galea's medical road show. She said Galea asked her to bring the drugs across the U.S.-Canadian border because he had been flagged previous times at the crossing. Catalano told authorities she had made 23 border crossings within the previous six months and, according to documents, on each occasion transported "the same medical supplies" that were in her possession when she was stopped in September. In last August alone, she told authorities that Galea made 13 stops in the U.S. to treat athletes. In three separate trips to Cleveland between Aug. 27 and Sept. 11, she identified 11 pro athletes he treated. Only two were identified with HGH therapy, while most of the others were said to have received a recovery IV drip containing various vitamins and Actovegin. The presumably most lucrative patient for Galea, identified in documents as "Athlete B," was paid a visit by the doctor in New York on July 22, July 30, Aug. 6, Sept. 1 and Sept. 10. He is alleged to have received an HGH cocktail on the last three visits, including one specifically described as an injection in his knee. Another patient in Cleveland, identified as "Athlete L," is described as having four HGH treatments between Aug. 13 and Sept. 11 -- also including at least one injection in his knee. Mike Fish is an investigative reporter for ESPN. ESPN reporters T.J. Quinn and Mark Fainaru-Wada contributed to this report.