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Walter Camp

In the first 40 years of college football, no man did more for the game than Walter Camp. An early star at Yale, Camp helped developed the structure of the game by refining its rules. Camp came up with 11-man teams and with the down-and-distance system of offense in order to prevent one team from dominating possession of the ball. He developed the scoring system to protect the primacy of the touchdown over the field goal. He served on the rules committee for many years and also promoted the sport through his selection of what he called an All-America team. A foundation named for him and based in New Haven, Conn., Yale's hometown, keeps his name fresh in the sport to this day.