ORLANDO, Fla. -- Twenty-seven of the 56 schools with
bowl-bound football teams graduated less than half their players,
according to a study released Tuesday.
The annual study by the Institute of Diversity and Ethics in
Sports at the University of Central Florida also showed that 39 of
the schools graduated less than half of their black players.
Among the bowl teams, 51 of 55 graduated at least 40 percent of
their white players, according to the study, while just 30 schools
graduated at least 40 percent of their black players. Only six
schools graduated a higher percentage of black players than white
There are 56 teams playing in this year's bowl games, but only
55 teams were examined because Navy doesn't release graduation
rates. Last year, 32 bowl-bound teams graduated less than half of
their football players.
"You find the gaps between African-American and white football
players a little bit wider at the bowl level," said Richard
Lapchick, the study's author. "It's a problem throughout Division
The institute used NCAA statistics for the study. The statistics
were taken from four freshman classes, beginning in 1994-95 and
ending in '97-98, with each class given six years to graduate.
Of the four California schools going to bowl games, Southern
California had the highest overall graduation rate at 58 percent,
followed by UCLA at 55 percent, California at 48 percent and Fresno
State at 40 percent.
Fresno State was one of the schools that had a higher graduation
mark for black players than white, with 43 percent of black players
and 39 percent of white players graduating in six years.
USC graduated 52 percent of blacks and 65 percent of whites,
UCLA 47 percent of blacks and 66 percent of whites, and Cal 42
percent of blacks and 59 percent of whites.
This year, the NCAA reported that 54 percent of all football
players graduated, an increase of 3 percent over last year. The
general student body rate was 60 percent and the overall
student-athlete rate was 62 percent.
The schools with the worst graduation rates, both overall and
for black players, were Pittsburgh and Texas. Pittsburgh had an
overall graduation rate of 31 percent and 20 percent for black
players. Texas had an overall graduation rate of 34 percent, 33
percent for its black players.
Texas spokesman Bill Little said the study didn't take into
account that many football players left and graduated at other
schools after coach Mack Brown took over the program in 1998.
"When you change coaches, there are guys who don't want to play
in that system," Little said.
Pitt spokesman E.J. Borghetti said the report doesn't reflect
the school's current graduation rate since 15 of 19 seniors on the
team graduated last year, including eight of 11 black players.
"It's key to emphasize the report is a snapshot of a football
program in the middle of the last decade," Borghetti said. "It's
not an accurate portrait of what our football program is in 2004."
Syracuse (78 percent overall, 69 for black players), Notre Dame
(78 and 74) and Boston College (77 and 76) had the best graduation
rates overall and for black players.