Olympics Sports >> Equestrian

Equestrian

THE 6 EVENTS (all mixed)

  • Show jumping (2 events): Individual and team
  • Dressage (2 events): Individual and team
  • Eventing (2 events): Individual and team

THE FORMAT

  • Individual show jumping: The first stage is divided into 3 rounds, and 35 competitors advance to the final, which features 2 rounds. The first round of the final determines the 20 competitors for the second round. The rider with the fewest penalty points over the 2 rounds is declared the winner. An extra round is staged in case of a tie. If there is still a tie, the fastest competitor wins.
  • Team show jumping (3 or 4 riders per team): An event over 2 rounds. The penalty points of the best 3 riders from each team are tallied to determine the winners. An extra round is staged in case of a tie. If there is still a tie, the fastest team wins.
  • Team dressage (3 or 4 riders): 2 rounds. The competitors first take part in the Grand Prix, which determines the 6 best teams for the final event, the Grand Prix Special. The riders are awarded marks by a panel of judges. The points of the 3 best riders in each team are taken into account. The team with the highest points total for both the Grand Prix and the Grand Prix Special is declared the winner.
  • Individual dressage: 3 rounds. The Grand Prix determines the 36 competitors for the Grand Prix Special. The top 18 progress to the final, a free programme set to music.
  • Individual eventing: 4 rounds, in the following order: dressage, cross-country and 2 rounds of show jumping. Only 1 horse per rider. The rider with the fewest penalty points is declared the winner. Only the top 25 riders in the standings take part in the second show jumping round.
  • Team eventing (3 or 4 riders, but only the top 3 are taken into account): The results of the team event are determined by the first 3 rounds of the individual event: dressage, cross-country and show jumping. The team with the fewest penalty points is declared the winner.

MILESTONES

680 BC

In the 25th ancient Olympic Games, equestrian races are held for the first time in Olympia.

1900

Individual show jumping makes its Olympic debut at the Paris Games. The equestrian high jump and long jump are also included in the programme. Only military officers are allowed to participate.

1912

Olympic debuts for dressage and eventing. Absent from the 1904 and 1908 Games, individual show jumping makes its return along with a team event.

1952

Equestrian events are opened to civilians for the first time, and to all levels of military staff. Women are allowed to participate in the dressage event.

1956

With strict Australian quarantine laws in place before the Melbourne Games in 1956, the Olympic equestrian events are held in Stockholm.

1988

All events are mixed from this date onwards.

STARS

Pierre Jonquères d'Oriola (France)

The Frenchman is the only competitor to have won 2 indvidual show jumping titles, in 1952 and 1964. He also won Olympic silver in the team event in 1964 and 1968, and an individual world title in 1966.

Reiner Klimke (Germany & West Germany)

The king of dressage. Klimke won 6 Olympic gold medals, 1 in individual dressage and 5 in team dressage, the last in 1988 at the age of 52. A record for any rider across all equestrian disciplines. He was also a two-time world champion and three-time European champion in individual dressage.

Mark Todd (New Zealand)

The eventing specialist. Double Olympic champion in individual eventing in 1984 and 1988, bronze medallist in 2000, and silver medallist at the 1998 world championships. Also won 2 Olympic bronze medals and 2 world championship golds in team eventing.

Copyright 2008 Agence France-Presse.

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