- The Black Spider
The Soviet Union won the football tournament riding the talents of their gifted goalkeeper Lev Yashin a man who went on to become a legend in the game and who was known as the "Black Spider".
For the opening ceremony the sun was blazing in Melbourne and 225 people collapsed, among them the leader of the American delegation.
Hungarian water-polo player Ervin Zador goes out of the swimming pool with the face cover of blood after having been wounded during a clash with USSR team 06 December 1956 during the semi-final of the Melbourne Olympics water-polo event. In final, Hungary won the gold in front of Yugoslaviaa (silver) and USSR (bronze).
Hungary beat the Soviet Union 4-0 in a bitterly contested game of water-polo. The referee eventually stopped the clash after several incidents in which players exchanged blows. The public largely supported the Hungarians, whose homeland had just been invaded by the Soviet military.
Two notable Hungarian champions were absent from the Games - the imprisoned swimmer Geza Kadas, and the decathete Hegedus, who had been killed on the barricades during the Soviet invasion of Hungary. The Australian public cheered wildly for the Hungarian delegation during the opening ceremony while they were reserved in receiving the Americans who had refused to intervene in the dispute.
- Friendly liaisons
American hammer-thrower Harold Connolly left Melbourne with something extra to go with his gold medal and new Olympic record - a wedding ring and a new wife. During the Games, Connolly drew international attention for his deepening friendship with Czech discus champion Olga Fikotova. The Iron Curtain relented and the couple were joined by 40,000 well-wishers at their civil ceremony in Prague. They later moved to the USA, where they divorced in 1973.
The American basketball team was led by Bill Russell who went on to become one of the greats in the sport and helped the Boston Celtics win 11 NBA titles.
- Unique treble
Hungarian boxer Laszlo Papp pulled of the rare feat of winning his third straight boxing gold medal.
Copyright 2012 Agence France-Presse.